For some people, headaches are a part of everyday life. Others will go through life without ever complaining of a headache. So what exactly are headaches? Although generally described as pain anywhere in the head or neck area, there are specific types of headaches.

Tension Headaches

Tension headaches are thought of as the least painful of all headaches, although still an annoyance! They’re often caused by stress, but other things such as noise, eyestrain, poor posture, too much caffeine, lack of sleep, or grinding your teeth at night can also cause them. Tension headaches can be avoided by noticing what triggers them and stopping that behavior.

Cluster Headaches

Cluster headaches, which are reported to affect more men than women, are recurring headaches that occur in groups or cycles. Cluster headaches appear suddenly and are characterized by severe, debilitating pain on one side of the head. They are often accompanied by watery eyes and nasal congestion or a runny nose on the same side of the face.

Sinus Headaches

Sinus headaches occur when the sinus passages behind your eyes, nose, cheeks, and/or forehead are congested. Congested with what? Many people think it is snot, but really it is inflamed blood vessels that cause the congestion. A sinus headache can be felt on either or both sides of your head. Pain or pressure is felt not just in your head, but anywhere in the sinus area. Sinus headaches can happen seasonally if you have allergies, or only occasionally when your sinuses become triggered for some other reason.
Migraine Headaches

Migraines headaches are some of the hardest types of headaches to live with. They usually begin with an intense, throbbing pain on one side of the head, which may spread. They are often accompanied by nausea and/ or vomiting. This type of headache can last from a few hours to several days. People suffering from a migraine may be sensitive to light, smells, and sound. Web MD says that for some people, a warning sign, called an aura, comes just before a migraine attack. It can be a set of visual symptoms, like seeing flickering lights, blind spots, or zigzag lines, or other signs like numbness in a limb or a strange smell.

Although headaches are both a literal and figurative pain, the better you understand them, the better equipped you are to deal with them. Whether it be a sinus headache or a migraine headache, take appropriate measures, including consulting your physician, to ease your pain until the headache passes.